The National Champions

 

In 1926, Frank Dickinson, an economics professor at the University of Illinois, developed a system based on quality of opponents and scoring differentials, similar to many of today's "power rating" methods (except that he had to do it by hand instead of using a computer).

 

Dickinson chose national champions for 1924 and 1925, as well as 1926, and he continued selecting champions through 1940. Similar systems were devised by Dick Dunkel Sr. in 1929, by Paul Williams in 1932, and by Edward E. and Frank Litkenhous in 1934.

 

In 1936, the Associated Press began its annual poll of sportswriters and sportscasters. United Press initiated a poll of college coaches in 1950 and the International News Service began polling its own sportswriters in 1952. When they merged into United Press International, the coaches' poll became the UPI poll.

 

Other organizations got onto the poll bandwagon in the 1950s, most notably the Football Writers Association of America in 1954 and the National Football Foundation and Hall of Fame in 1959.

 

One problem these polls faced for many years was that they came out with their final results a few days after the regular season ended, and bowl games sometimes made those results look questionable.

 

The FWAA in 1955 began conducting its final poll after the bowls. AP did the same in 1965, then went back to a pre-bowl poll for the next two seasons. Since 1968, however, the final AP poll has been taken after the bowl results. The NFFHF began doing so in 1971, UP in 1974.

 

In the meantime, the UP/UPI poll of coaches became the American Football Coaches Association (AFCA) poll, which moved to USA Today/CNN in 1991 and to USA Today/ESPN in 1997.

 

Two organizations, the College Football Researchers Association (CFRA) and the National Championship Foundation (NCF), conducted polls of their members to determine national champions beginning with the 1869 season, when the first college "football" game was played--even though it was actually soccer.

 

The Helms Athletic Foundation (HAF) conducted a similar poll of members beginning in 1883, the first year that American football used a point scoring system.

 

The NCAA has consistently turned down proposals for a Division I-A football playoff. In 1992, four major bowl games (the Cotton, Fiesta, Orange and Sugar), five major college conferences, and independent Notre Dame formed the Bowl Coalition to set up a post-season championship bowl game between the two top-ranked teams in the the Associated Press and USA Today/CNN polls.

 

The Bowl Coalition was succeeded by the Bowl Alliance in 1995 and the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) in 1998. The concept has worked out fairly well most years, but problems have arisen in other years. Every time there's a problem the media renews a call for a genuine playoff system, as in Divisions I-AA, II, and III.

 

2008

Florida: BCS

 

2007

LSU: BCS

 

2006

Florida: BCS

 

2005
Texas: BCS

 

2004
Southern California :
AP, BCS, Berryman, Billingsley, Colley, DeVold, Dunkel, Eck, FACT, FB News, FW, Massey, Matthews, NFF, NY Times, Sagarin, Seattle Times, Sporting News, USA/ESPN, Wolfe

2003
LSU: BCS, Billingsley, Colley, DeVold, Dunkel, FACT, Massey, NFF, Sagarin, Seattle Times, USA/ESPN
Oklahoma: Berryman
Southern California: AP, Eck, Matthews, NY Times

2002
Ohio State: AP, BCS, Berryman, Billingsley, Colley, DeVold, Eck, FACT, FB News, FW, Massey, NFF, NY Times, Seattle Times, Sporting News, USA/ESPN, Wolfe
Southern California: Dunkel, Matthews, Sagarin

 

2001
Miami (Fla.):
AP, BCS, Berryman, Billingsley, Colley, DeVold, Dunkel, Eck, FACT, FB News, FW, Massey, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NFF, NY Times, Sagarin, Seattle Times, Sporting News, USA/ESPN, Wolfe

 

2000
Oklahoma:
AP, BCS, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, Eck, FACT, FB News, FW, Massey, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NFF, NY Times, Sagarin, Seattle Times, Sporting News, USA/ESPN

 

1999
Florida St.:
AP, BCS, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, Eck, FACT, FB News, FW, Massey, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NFF, NY Times, Sagarin, Seattle Times, Sporting News, USA/ESPN

 

1998
Ohio St.:
Sagarin
Tennessee: Alderson, AP, BCS, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, Eck, FACT, FB News, FW, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NFF, NY Times, Seattle Times, Sporting News, USA/ESPN

 

1997
Michigan:
AP, FB News, FW, National Championship Foundation*, NFF, Sporting News
Nebraska: Alderson, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, Eck, FACT, Matthews, National Championship Foundation*, NY Times, Sagarin, Seattle Times, USA/ESPN

 

1996
Florida:
AP, Berryman, Billingsley, Eck, FACT, FB News, FW, NFF, Sagarin, Sporting News, USA/CNN, NY Times, National Championship Foundation, Dunkel, Matthews, DeVold
Florida St.: Alderson

 

1995
Nebraska :
Alderson, AP, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, Eck, FACT, FB News, FW, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NFF, NY Times, Sagarin, Sporting News, UPI, USA/CNN

 

1994
Florida St.:
Dunkel
Nebraska: Alderson, AP, Berryman, Billingsley, FACT
*, FB News, FW, National Championship Foundation*, Sporting News, UPI, USA/CNN, USA/NFF
Penn St.: DeVold, Eck, FACT*, Matthews, National Championship Foundation*, NY Times, Sagarin

 

1993
Auburn:
National Championship Foundation*
Florida St.: AP, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, Eck, FACT, FB News, FW, National Championship Foundation*, NY Times, Sagarin, Sporting News, UPI, USA/CNN ,USA/NFF
Nebraska : National Championship Foundation*
Notre Dame: Matthews, National Championship Foundation*

 

1992
Alabama:
AP, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, Eck, FACT, FB News, Football Research, FW, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NY Times, Sporting News, UPI/NFF, USA/CNN
Florida St.: Sagarin

 

1991
Miami (Fla.):
AP, Eck, Football Research, National Championship Foundation*, NY Times, Sporting News
Washington: Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FACT, FB News, FW, Matthews, National Championship Foundation*, Sagarin, UPI/NFF, USA/CNN

 

1990
Colorado:
AP, Berryman, DeVold, FACT*, FB News, Football Research, FW, Matthews, National Championship Foundation*, NFF, Sporting News, USA/CNN
Georgia Tech: Dunkel, FACT*, National Championship Foundation*, UPI
Miami (Fla.): Billingsley, Eck, FACT*, NY Times, Sagarin
Washington: FACT*

 

1989
Miami (Fla.):
AP, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FACT*, FB News, Football Research, FW, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NFF, NY Times, Sporting News, UPI, USA/CNN
Notre Dame: Berryman, Eck, FACT*, Sagarin

 

1988
Miami (Fla.):
Berryman
Notre Dame: AP, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, Eck, FACT, FB News, Football Research, FW, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NFF, NY Times, Sagarin, Sporting News, UPI, USA/CNN

 

1987
Florida St.:
Berryman, Sagarin
Miami (Fla.): AP, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, Eck, FACT, FB News, Football Research, FW, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NFF, NY Times, Sporting News, UPI, USA/CNN

 

1986
Miami (Fla.):
FACT*
Oklahoma: Berryman, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, NY Times, Sagarin
Penn St.: AP, Billingsley, FACT
*, FB News, FW, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NFF, Sporting News, UPI, USA/CNN

 

1985
Michigan:
Matthews, Sagarin
Oklahoma: AP, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FACT, FB News, Football Research, FW, National Championship Foundation, NFF, NY Times, Sporting News, UPI, USA/CNN

 

1984
Brigham Young:
AP, Football Research, FW, National Championship Foundation*, NFF, Poling, UPI, USA/CNN
Florida: Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FACT, Matthews, NY Times, Sagarin, Sporting News
Nebraska: Litkenhous
Washington: Berryman, FB News, National Championship Foundation
*

 

1983
Auburn :
FACT*, Football Research, NY Times
Miami (Fla.): AP, Billingsley, Dunkel, FB News, FW, National Championship Foundation, NFF, Sporting News, UPI, USA/CNN
Nebraska: Berryman, DeVold, FACT
*, Litkenhous, Matthews, Poling, Sagarin

 

1982
Nebraska:
Berryman
Penn St.: AP, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FACT, FB News, Football Research, FW, Helms
*, Litkenhous, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NFF, NY Times, Poling, Sagarin, Sporting News, UPI, USA/CNN
Southern Methodist: Helms*

 

1981
Clemson:
AP, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, FACT, FB News, Football Research, FW, Helms, Litkenhous, Matthews, National Championship Foundation*, NFF, NY Times, Poling, Sagarin, Sporting News, UPI
Nebraska: National Championship Foundation*
Penn St.: Dunkel
Pittsburgh: National Championship Foundation
*
Texas: National Championship Foundation*
Southern Methodist: National Championship Foundation*

 

1980
Florida St.:
FACT*
Georgia: AP, Berryman, FACT*, FB News, FW, Helms, National Championship Foundation, NFF, Poling, Sporting News, UPI
Nebraska: FACT*, Sagarin
Oklahoma: Billingsley, Dunkel, Matthews
Pittsburgh: DeVold, FACT
*, Football Research, NY Times

 

1979
Alabama:
AP, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FACT, FB News, FW, Helms, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NFF, NY Times, Poling, Sagarin, Sporting News, UPI
Southern California: Football Research

 

1978
Alabama:
AP, FACT*, Football Research, FW, Helms*, National Championship Foundation*, NFF
Oklahoma: Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FACT*, Helms*, Litkenhous, Matthews, Poling, Sagarin
Southern California: Berryman, FACT*, FB News, Helms*, National Championship Foundation*, Sporting News, UPI

 

1977
Alabama:
Football Research*
Arkansas: FACT*
Notre Dame: AP, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FACT*, FB News, Football Research*, FW, Helms, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NFF, Poling, Sagarin, Sporting News, UPI
Texas: Berryman, FACT*

 

1976
Pittsburgh:
AP, FACT, FB News, FW, Helms, National Championship Foundation, NFF, Poling, Sagarin, Sporting News, UPI
Southern California: Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, Matthews

 

1975
Alabama:
Matthews*
Arizona St.: National Championship Foundation*, Sporting News
Ohio St.: Berryman, FACT*, Helms*, Matthews*, Poling
Oklahoma: AP, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FACT*, FB News, Football Research, FW, Helms*, National Championship Foundation*, NFF, Sagarin, UPI

 

1974
Ohio St.:
Matthews
Oklahoma: AP, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FACT, FB News, Football Research, Helms
*, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation*, Poling, Sagarin
Southern California: FW, Helms*, National Championship Foundation*, NFF, UPI

 

1973
Alabama:
Berryman, UPI
Michigan: National Championship Foundation
*, Poling*
Notre Dame: AP, FB News, FW, Helms, National Championship Foundation*, NFF
Ohio St.: FACT, National Championship Foundation*, Poling*
Oklahoma: Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, Sagarin

 

1972
Southern California:
AP, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FACT, FB News, Football Research, FW, Helms, Litkenhous, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NFF, Poling, Sagarin, UPI

 

1971
Nebraska:
AP, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FACT, FB News, Football Research, FW, Helms, Litken-hous, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NFF, Poling, Sagarin, UPI

 

1970
Arizona St.:
Poling
Nebraska: AP, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FACT
*, FB News, Football Research, FW, Helms, National Championship Foundation
Notre Dame: FACT*, Matthews
Ohio St.: NFF*
Texas: Berryman, FACT*, Litkenhous, NFF*, Sagarin, UPI

 

1969
Ohio St.:
Matthews
Penn St.: FACT
*
Texas: AP, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FACT*, FB News, Football Research, FW, Helms, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, NFF, Poling, Sagarin, UPI

 

1968
Georgia:
Litkenhous
Ohio St.: AP, Berryman, Billingsley, Dunkel, FACT, FB News, Football Research, FW, Helms, National Championship Foundation, NFF, Poling, UPI
Texas: DeVold, Matthews, Sagarin

 

1967
Notre Dame:
Dunkel
Oklahoma: Poling
Southern California: AP, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, FB News, Football Research, FW, Helms, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NFF, Sagarin, UPI
Tennessee: Litkenhous

 

1966
Alabama:
Berryman
Michigan St.: Football Research, Helms
*, NFF*, Poling*
Notre Dame: AP, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FB N e w s , FW, Helms*, Litkenhous, Matthews, National Championship Foundation, NFF*, Poling*, Sagarin, UPI

 

1965
Alabama:
AP, Billingsley, Football Research, FW*, National Championship Foundation
Michigan St.: Berryman, DeVold, Dunkel, FB News, FW*, Helms, Litkenhous, NFF, Poling, Sagarin, UPI

 

1964
Alabama:
AP, Berryman, Litkenhous, UPI
Arkansas: Billingsley, Football Research, FW, Helms, National Championship Foundation, Poling
Michigan: Dunkel
Notre Dame: DeVold, FB News, NFF, Sagarin

 

1963
Texas:
AP, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FB News, Football Research, FW, Helms, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, NFF, Poling, Sagarin, UPI, Williamson

 

1962
Alabama:
Billingsley
LSU: Berryman
*
Southern California: AP, Berryman*, DeVold, Dunkel, FB News, Football Research, FW, Helms, National Championship Foundation, NFF, Poling, Sagarin, UPI, Williamson
Mississippi: Litkenhous

 

1961
Alabama:
AP, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, FB News, Football Research, Helms, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, NFF, Sagarin, UPI, Williamson
Ohio St.: FW, Poling

 

1960
Iowa:
Berryman, Boand, Litkenhous, Sagarin
Minnesota: AP, FB News, NFF, UPI
Mississippi: Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, FW, National Championship Foundation, Williamson
Missouri: Poling
Washington: Helms

 

1959
Mississippi:
Berryman, Billingsley, Dunkel, Sagarin
Syracuse: AP, Boand, DeVold, FB News, Football Research, FW, Helms, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, NFF, Poling, UPI, Williamson

 

1958
Iowa:
FW
LSU: AP, Berryman, Billingsley, Boand, DeVold, Dunkel, FB News, Football Research, Helms, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, Poling, Sagarin, UPI, Williamson

 

1957
Auburn:
AP, Football Research, Helms, National Championship Foundation, Poling, Williamson
Michigan St.: Billingsley, Dunkel, Sagarin
Ohio St.: Boand, DeVold, FW, INS, Litkenhous, UPI
Oklahoma: Berryman

 

1956
Georgia Tech:
Berryman
Iowa: Football Research
Oklahoma: AP, Billingsley, Boand, DeVold, Dunkel, FW, Helms, INS, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, Sagarin, UPI, Williamson
Tennessee: Sagarin

 

1955
Michigan St.:
Boand
Oklahoma: AP, Berryman, Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, FW, Helms, INS, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, Poling, Sagarin, UPI, Williamson

 

1954
Ohio St.:
AP, Berryman, Boand, DeVold, Football Research*, Helms*, INS, National Championship Foundation*, Poling, Sagarin, Williamson
UCLA: Billingsley, Dunkel, Football Research*, FW, Helms*, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation*, UPI

 

1953
Maryland:
AP, INS, UPI
Notre Dame: Billingsley, Boand, DeVold, Dunkel, Helms, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, Poling, Sagarin, Williamson
Oklahoma: Berryman, Football Research

 

1952
Georgia Tech:
Berryman, INS, Poling
Michigan St.: AP, Billingsley, Boand, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, Helms, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, Sagarin, UPI, Williamson

 

1951
Georgia Tech:
Berryman, Boand*
Illinois: Boand*
Maryland: DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, National Championship Foundation, Sagarin
Michigan St.: Billingsley, Helms, Poling
Tennessee: AP, Litkenhous, UPI, Williamson

 

1950
Kentucky:
Sagarin
Oklahoma: AP, Berryman, Helms, Litkenhous, UPI, Williamson
Princeton: Boand, Poling
Tennessee: Billingsley, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, National Championship Foundation

 

1949
Notre Dame:
AP, Berryman, Billingsley, Boand, DeVold, Dunkel, Helms, Houlgate, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, Poling, Sagarin, Williamson
Oklahoma: Football Research

 

1948
Michigan:
AP, Berryman, Billingsley, Boand, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, Helms, Houlgate, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, Poling, Sagarin, Williamson

 

1947
Michigan:
Berryman, Billingsley, Boand, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, Helms*, Houlgate, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, Poling, Sagarin
Notre Dame: AP, Helms*, Williamson

 

1946
Army:
Boand*, Football Research, Helms*, Houlgate, Poling*
Georgia: Williamson
Notre Dame: AP, Berryman, Billingsley, Boand
*, DeVold, Dunkel, Helms*, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, Poling*, Sagarin

 

1945
Alabama:
National Championship Foundation*
Army: AP, Berryman, Billingsley, Boand, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, Helms, Houlgate, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation*, Poling, Sagarin, Williamson

 

1944
Army:
AP, Berryman, Billingsley, Boand, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, Helms, Houlgate, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation*, Poling, Sagarin, Williamson
Ohio St.: National Championship Foundation*

 

1943
Notre Dame:
AP, Berryman, Billingsley, Boand, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, Helms, Houlgate, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, Poling, Williamson

 

1942
Georgia:
Berryman, DeVold, Houlgate, Litkenhous, Poling, Williamson
Ohio St.: AP, Billingsley, Boand, Dunkel, Football Research, National Championship Foundation
Wisconsin: Helms

 

1941
Alabama:
Houlgate
Minnesota: AP, Billingsley, Boand, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, Helms, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, Poling
Texas: Berryman, Williamson

 

1940
Minnesota:
AP, Berryman, Billingsley, Boand, DeVold, Dickinson, Football Research, Houlgate, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation
Stanford: Helms, Poling
Tennessee: Dunkel, Williamson

 

1939
Cornell::
Billingsley, Litkenhous
Southern California: Dickinson
Texas A& M: AP, Boand, DeVold, Dunkel, Football Research, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Poling, Williamson

 

1938
Notre Dame:
Dickinson
Tennessee: Billingsley, Boand, Dunkel, Football Research, Houlgate, Litkenhous, Poling, Sagarin
TCU: AP, Helms, National Championship Foundation, Williamson

 

1937
California:
Dunkel, Helms
Pittsburgh: AP, Billingsley, Boand, Dickinson, Football Research, Houlgate, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation

 

1936
LSU:
Williamson
Minnesota: AP, Billingsley, Dickinson, Dunkel, Helms, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, Poling
Pittsburgh: Boand, Football Research, Houlgate

 

1935
LSU:
Williamson*
Minnesota: Billingsley, Boand, Football Research, Helms, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation, Poling
Princeton: Dunkel
Southern Methodist: Dickinson, Houlgate
TCU: Williamson
*

 

1934
Alabama:
Dunkel, Houlgate, Poling, Williamson
Minnesota: Billingsley, Boand, Dickinson, Football Research, Helms, Litkenhous, National Championship Foundation

 

1933
Michigan:
Billingsley, Boand, Dickinson, Helms, Houlgate, Football Research, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*, Poling
Ohio St.: Dunkel
Princeton: Parke Davis
*
Southern California: Williamson

 

1932
Colgate:
Parke Davis*
Michigan: Dickinson, Parke Davis*
Southern California: Billingsley, Boand, Dunkel, Football Research, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*, Poling, Williamson

 

1931
Pittsburgh:
Parke Davis*
Purdue: Parke Davis*
Southern California: Billingsley, Boand, Dickinson, Dunkel, Helms, Houlgate, Football Research, National Championship Foundation, Poling, Williamson

 

1930
Alabama:
Football Research, Parke Davis*
Notre Dame: Billingsley, Boand, Dickinson, Dunkel, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*, Poling

 

1929
Notre Dame:
Billingsley, Boand, Dickinson, Dunkel, Football Research, Helms, National Championship Foundation, Poling
Pittsburgh: Parke Davis
Southern California: Houlgate

 

1928
Detroit:
Parke Davis*
Georgia Tech: Billingsley, Boand, Football Research, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*, Poling
Southern California: Dickinson

 

1927
Georgia:
Boand, Poling
Illinois: Billingsley, Dickinson, Helms, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis
Notre Dame: Houlgate
Yale: Football Research

 

1926
Alabama:
Billingsley, Football Research, Helms*, National Championship Foundation*, Poling
Lafayette: Parke Davis
Navy: Boand, Houlgate
Stanford: Dickinson, Helms
*, National Championship Foundation*

 

1925
Alabama:
Billingsley, Boand, Football Research, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Poling
Dartmouth: Dickinson, Parke Davis

 

1924
Notre Dame:
Billingsley, Boand, Dickinson, Football Research, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Poling
Pennsylvania: Parke Davis

 

1923
California:
Houlgate
Illinois: Boand, Football Research, Helms, National Championship Foundation
*, Parke Davis
Michigan: Billingsley, National Championship Foundation*

 

1922
California:
Houlgate, National Championship Foundation*
Cornell:: Helms, Parke Davis*
Iowa: Billingsley
Princeton: Boand, Football Research, National Championship Foundation
*, Parke Davis*

 

1921
California:
Boand*, Football Research
Cornell: Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*
Iowa: Billingsley, Parke Davis*
Lafayette: Boand*, Parke Davis*
Wash. & Jeff.: Boand*

 

1920
California:
Billingsley, Football Research, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation
Harvard: Boand
*
Notre Dame: Parke Davis*
Princeton: Boand*, Parke Davis*

 

1919
Harvard:
Football Research*, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation*, Parke Davis*
Illinois: Billingsley, Boand, Football Research*, Parke Davis*
Notre Dame: National Championship Foundation*, Parke Davis*
Texas A& M: National Championship Foundation*

 

1918
Michigan:
Billingsley, National Championship Foundation*
Pittsburgh: Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation*

 

1917
Georgia Tech:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation

 

1916
Army:
Parke Davis*
Pittsburgh: Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*

 

1915
Cornell:
Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*
Nebraska: Billingsley
Pittsburgh: Parke Davis
*

 

1914
Army:
Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*
Illinois:Parke Davis*
Texas: Billingsley

 

1913
Auburn:
Billingsley
Chicago: Parke Davis
*
Harvard: Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*

 

1912
Harvard:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation*, Parke Davis
Penn St.: National Championship Foundation*

 

1911
Penn St.:
National Championship Foundation*
Princeton: Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation*, Parke Davis
Vanderbilt: Billingsley

 

1910
Harvard:
Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation*
Michigan: Billingsley
Pittsburgh: National Championship Foundation
*

 

1909
Yale:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis

 

1908
LSU:
National Championship Foundation*
Pennsylvania: Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation*, Parke Davis

 

1907
Pennsylvania:
Billingsley
Yale: Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis

 

1906
Princeton:
Helms, National Championship Foundation
Vanderbilt: Billingsley
Yale: Parke Davis

 

1905
Chicago:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation
Yale: Parke Davis

 

1904
Michigan:
Billingsley, National Championship Foundation*
Pennsylvania: Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation*, Parke Davis

 

1903
Michigan:
Billingsley, National Championship Foundation*
Princeton: Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation*, Parke Davis

 

1902
Michigan:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*
Yale: Parke Davis*

 

1901
Harvard:
Billingsley
Michigan: Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation
Yale: Parke Davis

 

1900
Yale:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis

 

1899
Harvard:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation
Princeton: Parke Davis

 

1898
Harvard:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation
Princeton: Parke Davis

 

1897
Pennsylvania:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*
Yale: Parke Davis*

 

1896
Lafayette:
National Championship Foundation*, Parke Davis*
Princeton: Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation*, Parke Davis*

 

1895
Pennsylvania:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*
Yale: Parke Davis*

 

1894
Pennsylvania:
Parke Davis*
Princeton: Houlgate
Yale: Billingsley, Helms, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis
*

 

1893
Princeton:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation
Yale: Parke Davis

 

1892
Yale:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis

 

1891
Yale:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis

 

1890
Harvard:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis

 

1889
Princeton:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis

 

1888
Yale:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis

 

1887
Yale:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis

 

1886
Princeton:
Parke Davis*
Yale: Billingsley, Helms, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*

 

1885
Princeton:
Billingsley, Helms, Houlgate, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis

 

1884
Princeton:
Parke Davis*
Yale: Billingsley, Helms, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*

 

1883
Yale:
Billingsley, Helms, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis

 

1882
Yale:
Billingsley, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis

 

1881
Princeton:
Billingsley, Parke Davis*
Yale: National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*

 

1880
Princeton:
National Championship Foundation*, Parke Davis*
Yale: Billingsley, National Championship Foundation*, Parke Davis*

 

1879
Princeton:
Billingsley, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*
Yale: Parke Davis*

 

1878
Princeton:
Billingsley, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis

 

1877
Princeton:
Parke Davis*
Yale: Billingsley, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*

 

1876
Yale:
Billingsley, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis

 

1875
Colgate:
Parke Davis*
Harvard: National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*
Princeton: Billingsley, Parke Davis*

 

1874
Harvard:
Parke Davis*
Princeton: Billingsley, Parke Davis*
Yale: National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*

 

1873
Princeton:
Billingsley, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis

 

1872
Princeton:
Billingsley, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*
Yale: Parke Davis*

 

1871
No national champions selected.

 

1870
Princeton:
Billingsley, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis

 

1869
Princeton:
Billingsley, National Championship Foundation, Parke Davis*
Rutgers: Parke Davis*

 

*Organization named multiple national champions

 
-Summary Information from Hickock Sports, National Champions list obtained from the NCAA

 

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